Vietnam is one of the most beautiful countries located in the South East Asia. Vietnam shares the long borderline with China, Laos and Cambodia. Owning to stretching the length of the Indochinese Peninsula, Vietnam boasts a unique shape of an elongated S and a long coastline of 3,260km. Vietnam is 1,650 kilometres long and from 50 kilometres at its narrowest point to 600 kilometres wide. Although it is a small country with the area of 329,560 km2, there are up to 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting in Vietnam, of which Kinh (Viet) people accounts for nearly 86% of the whole population, and the others are ethnic minority groups that represent about 14%.
Today, the war remnants in Vietnam have become tourist attractions rather than eyesores. The vestiges of a more remote past, from Champa ruins and Hue's imperial city to the elegant colonial streets of Hanoi, are a major lure, as are the glorious natural attractions – from a coastline of powder-soft beaches to the impressive forested mountains.
Northern Vietnam’s signature city is Hanoi, an appealing place full of the old villas and facades of the French colonial era which give it a unique ambience. The surrounding, pancake-flat Red River Delta is bordered on the east by the Gulf of Tonkin, within which is the fabled limestone seascape of Halong Bay. Beyond the delta’s plains, cooler mountain regions, populated by hill tribes, ascend towards Laos in the the west and China to the north.
The country narrows through a chain of increasingly tropical provinces washed by the warm waters of the East Sea (South China Sea). In the old Imperial City of Hue, a sense of the past pervades, carried over into the nearby town of Hoi An. In the lands of the ancient Champa kingdom further south are decaying temples that testify to the conquest by the Viet people from the north. And all along the serpentine coast are stretches of white beach lapped by aquamarine waters.
Beyond the resort of Dalat in the picturesque southern highlands is Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam’s vibrant commercial centre. The far south is dominated by the Mekong Delta, an extensive area of farms and orchards and numerous waterways best explored by boat. Offshore are the newly touristed islands of Phu Quoc and, further east, the Con Dao archipelago